short story writers basically can be divided into three categories:
b. Young writers;and
c. Aspiring youth
- The established
writers are those early proponents of Brunei modern literature before
These are mostly veteran writers who write in the style of both
realism and romanticsm since the 1950s.
Most prominent writers of these generations are Muslim Burmat,
Salleh Abdul latif, Haji Shawal Rajab, A. Leman Ahmad, A. Mahad
and many others.
- The young writers
are those writers who chart a new beginning in Brunei literary development
- The young
writers can be further sub-divided into:
of "experimental" fictions.
of "experimental" fictions are represented by Haji
Morshidi bin Haji Marsal (Mussidi), Ampuan Haji Brahim bin Ampuan
Haji Tengah (Rahimi A. B., Brahim A. H. T.), Haji Bujang Matnor,
Mohd. Zefri Arif bin Modh. Zain Arif (Zefri Arif Brunei), Mohd.
Shahri bin Hussin (Norsiah M. S.), Pudarno Binchin (P. Binchin),
Mohd. Ali bin Radin (H. Mar), Haji Saidi bin Haji Ahmad (Disa),
Haji Osman Haji Tamin (Mas Afna) and Mohd. Adi Zaky.
writings are largely claimed by leterary critics in Brunei as
difficult to understand. They try to break away from the conventional
writing style of the earlier established writers by introducing
other writing style such as magic realism, new journalism, meta-fiction
and so on.
- Women writers
of short stories are very few and they are given special consideration
by the Language and Literature Bureau by trying to bring them
into the mainstream Brunei literary development which is mainly
dominated by male writers.
Important literary figures in this category are Norsiah Gafar,
Dayang Aminah binti haji Momin, Shaharah binti Dato Paduka Haji
Abd. Wahab (Mutiah), Fatimah Asgar, Hajah Sariani binti Haji
Ishak, Hajah Rosni binti Haji Omar, Faridah Abdul Hamid, Sosonjan
A. Khan, Hajah Tuming, Siti Hawa bint Haji Kamis (Amira), Latifah
binti Haji Abd. Latif dan Hajah Masti binti Haji Ahmad.
Aspiring youth writers are the selected few school students who are
mostly doing literary study in the secondary level with promising literary
They are Tuti Irawati binti Haji Bujang, Hanim Irdawati binti
Haji Bujang, Azoana binti Haji Awang, Azura bint Haji Ismail,
Nurul Hikam bin Haji Md. Din, Fauziah binti Haji Burut, Norhayati
binti Haji Mohiddin and Dayangku Norazimah binti Pengiran Haji
Aji (Nurul Faizmah).
- They are groomed
and sponsored by the Language and Literature Bureau to become future
Brunei literary successors.
Language and Literature Bureau is the central force that drives Brunei
writers to navigate modern literary development in the country.
provides support for Brunei writers in several ways:
- Provide publishing
spaces in its literary magazines.
- Provide finance
to publish anthology of short stories.
- Provide financial
incentives in the form of royalties.
financial sponsorship from private agencies, e.g. private banks
and associations for writers' literary activities and awards.
training through organizing creative writing workshops, as well
as organizing local, regional and international literary colloquiums.
- Organize short
writing competitions to commemorate important national events.
institutional linkages for writers with other related institutions,
locally and regionally, such as University of Brunei Darussalam,
Balai Pustaka of Jakarta, ASEAN Committee on Culture and Information,
Committee on S. E. A. Writers' Award, etc.
of the most inmportant periodical publications run by the Language
and Literature Bureau for literary writing is Bahana. It
is published in the Malay language.
The Language and Literature Bureau also annually honour outstanding
short stories that are published in Bahana magazine by
presenting the writers the Bahana Creative Writing Award.
Every year five short story writers are selected to receive this
the Language and Literature Bureau, other agencies that provide support
for Burnei short story writers are:
- Brunei Radio
and Television Department.
- This department
provides short story reading on the radio. This programme is
usually aired in the evening every Tuesday.
- This department
also publishes short story writings in the official Brunei Government's
newsletter called Pelita Brunei.
- The Brunei
Press Pte. Ltd. also provides spaces for Brunei writers to publish
their short stories in its daily newpaper called Media Permata.
Permata and Pelita Brunei are the mostly widely read
newspaper in Brunei Darussalam.
of Brunei Darussalam
- The University
provides technical and academic supports for Brunei writers
through its link with the Language and Literature Bureau.
- The University
also provides venues for literary discussions in its campuses
which are organized on weekly basis.
story writing competitions are mostly opened for participation based on
short story writing competitions have been organized by both government
and private agencies, namely:
- The Dakwah
- The Brunei
Press Pte. Ltd. and QAF Holding Pte. Ltd.
- Standard and
Chartered Bank Pte. Ltd.
- The Association
of Brunei Writers, ASTERAWANI.
the regional level, Brunei writers are involved in conferences, seminars,
workshops, forum and dialogs organized through regional institutions
in which the Brunei Government, represented by the Language and Literature
Bureau, is fully committed:
- ASEAN COCI.